- Why do young people join gangs? Essay Example
- Frequently Asked Questions About Gangs
- Why Do Youth Join Gangs?
Social Development, 11 1 — Curry, D. Female gang involvement. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency , 35 1 Gang involvement and delinquency in a middle school population. Justice Quarterly, 19 2 , Gang involvement and delinquency among Hispanic and African-American adolescent males. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 29 , Davis, M. The institutional treatment of gang members.
Why do young people join gangs? Essay Example
Corrections Management Quarterly, 5 , Decker, S. A tale of two cities: Gangs as organized crime groups. Justice Quarterly , 15 , — Life in the gang: Family, friends, and violence. Deschenes, E. Meda Chesney-Lind and John Hagedorn. Chicago: Lake View Press: — Dukes, R. Gender and gang membership.
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Eitle, D. Journal of Criminal Justice, 32 , 95— Esbensen, F. Preventing adolescent gang involvement. Youth Gang Series. Washington, DC: U. A multisite examination of youth gang membership: Does gender matter?
Criminology, 36 4 , Differences between gang girls and gang boys. Youth and Society, 31 1 , Gangs, drugs, and delinquency in a survey of urban youth. Criminology 31, — Gang and non-gang youth: Differences in explanatory variables. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 9 — Results from a multi-site evaluation of the G. Juvenile Justice Update, 18 3 , 9. Race and gender differences between gang and nongang youths: Results from a multi-site survey.
Frequently Asked Questions About Gangs
Justice Quarterly, 15 3 , Youth gangs and definitional issues: When is a gang a gang, and why does it matter? Crime and Delinquency, 47 , Fagan, J. Social processes of delinquency and drug use among urban gangs. In Gangs in America , edited by C. Fleisher, M. Youth gang social dynamics and social network analysis: Applying degree centrality measures to assess the nature of gang boundaries.
In Studying Youth Gangs , edited by J. Short and L. Dead end kids: Gang girls and the boys they know. New York: University of Wisconsin Press. Life-course events, social networks, and the emergence of violence among female gang members.
Why Do Youth Join Gangs?
Journal of Community Psychology, 32 5 Giordano, P. Research note: Girls, guys and gangs: The changing social context of female delinquency. Criminal Law Criminology. Gottfredson, G. Gang problems and gang programs in a national sample of schools. School climate predictors of disorder: Results from a national study of delinquency prevention in schools. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 42 , — Hagedorn, J. People and folks: Gangs, crime and the underclass in a rustbelt city. Chicago: Lake View Press. Gangs, neighborhoods, and public policy. Social Problems 38 4 — Harris, M.
Hawkins, J. Predictors of youth violence. Hawkins, D. Understanding and preventing crime and violence: Findings from the Seattle Social Development Project. Krohn Eds. Hemphill, S. The effect of school suspensions and arrests on subsequent adolescent behavior in Australia and the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health 39 , — Hill, K. Childhood risk factors for adolescent gang membership: Results from the Seattle Social Development Project.
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 36, — Youth gangs: An Overview.
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Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Preventing and reducing juvenile delinquency: A comprehensive framework. Youth gangs: Prevention and intervention. Allen-Meares and M. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, — Menacing or mimicking?
Realities of youth gangs. The Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 58 , 9— Gang prevention: An overview of research and programs. Moving risk factors into developmental theories of gang membership. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 3 4 , Huff, C. Comparing the criminal behavior of youth gangs and at-risk youths.
Research in brief. Hughes, S. Beyond popular cultural and structural arguments: Imagining a compass to guide burgeoning urban achievement gap scholars. Education and Urban Society , Huizinga, D. Delinquency and crime: Some highlights from the Denver Youth Survey.
Kroh Eds. The effect of arrest and justice system sanctions on subsequent behavior: Findings from longitudinal and other studies. New York, NY: Springer, pp. Summary of important risk factors for gang membership. Jankowski, M. Islands in the street: Gangs and American urban society. Berkeley, CA: University of California. Joe, K. Gender and Society , 4, Kaplan, H.
Negative social sanctions, self-derogation, and deviant behavior: Main and interactive effects in longitudinal perspective. Deviant Behavior 18 , 1— Klein, M. The American street gang: Its nature, prevalence and control. New York: Oxford University Press. Street gang patterns and policies. Krohn, M. Longitudinal perspectives on adolescent street gangs. New York, NY: Springer, — Kupersmidt, J. Building resilience in children exposed to negative peer influences. Maton, C. Schellenbach, B. Lacourse, E. Prediction of early-onset deviant peer group affiliation.
Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, — Lahey, B. Boys who join gangs: A prospective study of predictors of first gang entry. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27 4 , — Le Blanc, M.